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TrainHowever you choose to travel, getting around Bulgaria is relatively easy and inexpensive.
Domestic flights. If you do not have much time to spare or you simply want the fastest way to get between the Black Sea coast and Sofia – you should take a domestic flight. There are regular flights between Sofia and Varna or Burgas. Plovdiv airport is open only in winter for package flights.

Buses. Bus travel is extremely cheap in Bulgaria. Two of the most professional and reliable private bus companies are Grup and Biomet, who operate routes between main towns and cities across the country. The buses are generally modern with comfortable seats and movies are often shown during the trip. In cities bus tickets can be bought from a conductor. In Sofia you have to buy a ticket before boarding the bus from special street kiosks.

Trains. Traveling by train is much slower than by bus and the ticket price is almost the same. The major two routes are Sofia-Varna and Sofia-Burgas. There are overnight trains with sleeping carriages but the standard of the trains is not as high as in the rest of Europe.

Taxis are cheap and convenient way of getting around Bulgarian towns and cities. It can be very helpful if you have your destination address written in Cyrillic, although most drivers can speak a bit of English. Taxis can also be hired for longer inter-city journeys but make sure you negotiate the price before you start.

Cars and driving regulations. Cars are the most comfortable way of traveling around the country. Foreign driving licenses are valid in Bulgaria, although technically they must be accompanied by an International Driving Permit. If you are staying in Bulgaria for more than 12 months you need to replace your existing license with a Bulgarian one. Cars can be rented in all the main cities and resorts. Low rental rates and petrol prices significantly below those in Western Europe make renting a car a very economical option for getting around. Road conditions in Bulgaria are very variable. Away from the main cities the roads are badly maintained with rough surfaces and potholes. But over the last couple of years, the situation has gets better, with the EU funded projects improving the roads along the coast and the main routes. Even so, bad driving conditions demand a high level of caution. Entering the country with your own vehicle you need to have it insured and pay an entrance fee, calculated in accordance to the type of vehicle. In order to use the highways in the country you need to purchase a vignette. Using a vehicle with international licence plates could subject you to unexpected police inspections. Be aware of some common violations such as driving without a seat belt, driving intoxicated and exceeding the speed limit. Speed limits in Bulgaria vary as follows: 50 km/h in populated areas, 90 km/h outside populated areas and 120 km/h on highways.

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